Distribution: Europe, N. Africa, and western Asia.
Hardiness Zone: USDA Zones 4-8 (view
USDA zone map)
Size: 50-60 ft. tall, with a spread of 10-15 ft.
Form: Deciduous. Dense, distinctly upright, columnar tree.
Leaves: Leaves are alternate, simple, 2-5 inches long, with 3-7 pairs of rounded lobes, not as deep as Q. alba, with 2 small "dog-ear" lobes at the base, with a very short petiole.
Fall Color: Fall color is brownish to red.
Flower: Plants are monoecious. Male flowers are borne in clustered, pendent catkins; the females are borne solitary, or in a few-flowered spike in the axils of the new leaves.
Fruit: Fruit is an acorn, l-2 inches long, oblong to oval, enclosed about l/3 by bowl-like, thick, woody, knobby cap, borne on a long, slender stalk. Raw acorns are poisonous.
Notes 2: Leafs out late in spring.
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